On the Balkan Peninsula the Thracians are the old population, which came from time immemorial times. They have founded many settlements. They were a typical equestrian people, drinking according to Homer Mare’s milk. Their main deities, such as Heros, were depicted on horseback. The natives, which the Greeks previously called Pelasgi (Radiant), later began to call the “Thracians” (by the name of one of the Thracian tribes-probably of the travants or Dersiks).
The pelasgs are called pelarkes somewhere. One of the founders of Trakologiâta and the main advocates in Bulgaria is Alexander fol. His dust after death was scattered by the megalithe “door of the goddess”, located above the village of Buzovgrad. Whether in the veins of the Bulgarians flows Thracian blood and how many percent it is difficult to say. Recently I read different versions of what we Bulgarians were, how Thracians and Slavs were. The Thracians Predimnogo years were numerous, as Herodotus said, the father of history “The most numerous after Indians and the Chinese”. In VI-V century B.C. Gradually became hellenization of the Thracians. In the Thracian settlements are inhabited the Greeks, which develop trade, fishing, shipping. They assimilate the territories and build fortress walls.
For the love and life of the Thracians speak Herodotus and Solin. Here are the two notifications:
” The other Thracians have the following customs: they sell their children in slavery abroad; The virgins do not protect them, but they let them join with the men of their choice; On the contrary, married women guard strictly; They buy their wives from their parents for a lot of money. Being our own with scars is considered noble; Who has no scars is not noble. To stay empty, this is considered the best, to cultivate land-the most untruthful, to live from war and robbery-the best. These are their most remarkable customs. The rich are buried like this: the corpse kept exposed for three days; They slaughtered a variety of sacrificial animals and feast, first complaining about the dead, burning it, or just burying it in the ground. Then they erect a mound and set up various racing games, and the biggest prizes are determined for the unity according to its meaning. Such is the burial of the Thracians. ”
“Those who would like to examine it carefully will easily grasp that the barbarian Thracians despise death because of some natural suggestion of wisdom. All Thracians respect unanimously voluntary death, one of them believing that the souls of the dead again return to the upper world, while others think that souls after death do not perish but become happier than in life. In most Thracians, the births caused grief, and this man had just become a father, and he had a cry for his birth. On the contrary, their funerals are so combined with joy that they joyfully accompany deceased all the way to their grave. Men praise themselves with the number of their wives and their numerous marriages provide homage to them. The women who keep their retinas are thrown on the stake of their deceased husbands and headlong take the path amidst the flames, and consider this the greatest proof of their chastity. Women who are destined to marry go to their husbands, not at their parents ‘ will. Those of them who surpass the others in their beauty, want to be offered a public bidding and, by the freedom of judgment, are married not because of the manners of the man, but because of the price he has given. And the women who torture their ugly looks, buy with their zestrite those men they want to connect with. When they feast, both sexes go around the hearth and throw in the fire seeds of grasses that grow in Thrace. Stunned by their smoke, they thought it was fun to emulate the drunken, and their feelings acquired a painful character. ”
The Greeks did not conquered completely Thracian lands during the Hellenization of the vladist were one of the most powerful and familiar Thracian kings. We learn about them from the exquisite treasures that we find all over Bulgaria. Thracians have made burial mounds, and they are their customs. One of the hypotheses about the origins of the Thracians suggests that they came from the northeast about 1500 BC, mixing with the welded pre-Thracian population, and later formed in separate groups (part of the Bulgarian archaeologists suggest that the Thracians came from the northeast much earlier towards the end of the Chalcolithic age). According to another hypothesis, the shaping of the Thracian ethno-cultural community is not a process mainly influenced by external migrations, but is the result of internal migrations and consolidation of local populations, i.e. it defends the idea that Thracians are autochthonal (local) population. The treasures from the Varna Chalcolithic Necropolis and from Provadia are from another pre-Thracian population, for which we have no idea and detailed information. We can only be proud that it is open on Bulgarian territory and here is the oldest processed gold, preceded by Summersko with more than a millennium. The language you are talking about is not fully explored, and father Wulfila, as I have written in the topic “Script around the world” has tried to create an alphabet for Thracians and Gaiters, but it has not spread. The “Cyrillic alphabet” explains why. They wrote in Greek letters, as we see from the found gravestones, inscriptions, texts.
- Agrans: (Western Thrace, between the Balkan Mountains, the Rhodope Mountains and the upper reaches of the Struma river)
- Apsinti: (On the Aegean Sea, the town of Apcintus
- (Between Strandja and Hemus, town of Kipsella
- Benny: (Near the Hebar River, north
- Bessi: (The Southern Rhodopes, the town of Besarra, (this name then is transferred to the whole tribe, known for their sanctuaries in the Rhodopes)
- Bison: (Near the Strymon River (Struma)
- Bistni: (On the Aegean Sea, between the rivers Nestos (places) and Hebar (Maritsa)
Venules or Betiins: (Near the Strymon river,
(whether the name of the Dardanelles,
- Dentelletti (Lace): (upper course of the Struma, the town of Denteletics in Greece)
- Deroni: (Southwest Thrace known for their beautiful chariot coins)
- Dersei (Derzare): (North Aegean Coast)
- Dolonki: (in Thracian chersonnes, descendants of the Vienes)
- Drozi (DRAs): (Between Nestos and Hebar rivers)
- The City of Amphipolis: (Southwestern Thrace and Macedonia,
- Kaeni (Kenny): (Black Sea coast, Kipsella town
- Tickets: Yambol
(In modern Dobrudzha,
- Kikoni: End Hellespont (Dharatellas)
- Koialets: (Between Strama and Tundzha rivers, in Sredna Gora and Rhodope Mountains)
- Corli (Corals): (Eastern Stara Planina
- Corpylae (corpials): (near Propontida to the Bosphorus)
- Crestni: (The northern coast of the Aegean Sea)
- River Strymon:
- Madateni: Near the town of Kipsella
- Medi (Madedi): (Southwestern Thrace, Strymon River
- Melti: (according to some reference books have inhabited the lands around today’s Lovech, having founded the settlement “Melta “-present-day Lovech)
- Mions: The area between the ancient towns of Pella Amphipolis (Kavala) on the Aegean Sea), near the River Eihedror (Gallic) Thessaloniki, Chalkidiki Peninsula and the mountains.
Nipsei (Nepsy): (Near Kamchia River
- Oomanti: (along the lower reaches and the mouth of the Struma River)
- Odrare (Eastern Rhodopes, near Adrianople (Edirne),
- Walnut: I do not know
- Paiti: (By the Aegean Sea, the neighbours of the Bistomi tribe)
- Pyrogeri: (Between Sarnena Sredna Gora and Sakar)
- Siti: (of Lemnos and Halkidika, Sintoonia
- Samayans: (east of the Hebar River)
- Saepai: (Between the cities of Abdera and Adrianople)
- Satri: (Southern Rhodopes, next to the Aegean Sea)
- Selets: (Northeast Thrace, between Hemus and the river Panisos
- Sinti: (Neighbors of the pawns)
- Sciriadi: (in southeastern Thrace, localized in Salmidessos (nowadays Strandja), the region above Apollonia)
- Skumbri: (in Rila)
- Terises (Teraks): (Northeast Thrace, east of the Miss)
- Tilatei: (North of Skombros (Vitosha) and in the west reach the Oxos River (Iskar) i.e. the mountainous region between today’s Sofia, Pernik, Bosilegrad and Pirot)
- (Thyni): (From the town of Byzantium to Strandja)
(The lands around N. Kaliakra)
- Trauma: (in the area between the lower reaches of Hebar and the Eastern Rhodopes)
- Trauzers: (In the Western Rhodopes)
- Treri: (Western Thrace, near the River Eskus (Iskar), near Serdika
- Triathai and: (Western Thrace, the River Eskus)
- Usurperases: (in Hemus, east of the Iskar River, south of the Miss and north of the dam)
- Phacans: (in southeastern Thrace, Turkey)
- Frougondi: (Between the rivers Strymon and Nestos
- Haletti: (along the middle course of Mesta River)
That as seen are many tribes, there must be more unknown. The Bulgarian lands were inhabited except by Thracians and other relatives to some extent with the Thracians:
- Celts (Tsar Kavar)-Around Yambol, Karnobat (Markeli) and Aytos
- Gaiters-Deliormana, where is the Sveshtari tomb
- The Mizia area comes from their name
- A Frigi-old Thracian tribe that has moved to Asia Minor and created a country
- Krorozi-Between the rivers Vit Ecom
- Tribali-current Northwestern Bulgaria
- Daci-north from the Danube to the Tisza River. The wrong Romanians are earning their heirs
- Peons-Western Thrace, Ilirik Province
- Serdi-probably from Kelticorigin in the Sofia
The existence of so many different peoples is explained why it is not possible to say what the Bulgarians are. Taking into account the coming of the Slavs and the Bulgarians on the Balkan peninsula and Pretopâvanetona Avari, Hazari, Pechengi, Kumani and Uzi confationthe remains full. In addition, there is mixing with neighboring peoples: Byzantium, Serbia, the Magars, the Latin Empire. For the VLANs and Moldotians, I charge them as Bulgarians.
The more characteristic Thracian kings are: Kotus, sevt, Skstok, Hebryzelmis, Amatok, Sparantok, Teres, Rascuporis, Remetalk, Sitalk, Likurg, Kerseblfri, Mostis.
It remains to be clear where this numerous people disappear towards the arrival of the Bulgarians around 680, Bulgaria is known to come to a sparsely populated territory. The Slavs were few, as did the Thracians. In the century BC the Roman Empire gradually had to conquer the Thracian lands. There are protracted wars, while the whole of Thrace is subordinated to the Roman weapon. There is a flourishing of the lands inhabited by Thracians. The Romans are famous builders (in the theme “Roman roads on the territory of Bulgaria ” is explained in detail). In the II and III c. The Roman Empire fought continuous wars and the Thracians as good soldiers participated actively and regularly in the battle activities. This leads to a decrease in the standard of living and population size. In the V c. When the Roman Empire was divided the Thracians decreased significantly. Another reason for their conquest and population decline is that they were always disarticulated. The only Orisian kingdom at Kothiis is growing and it is strong for a short time.
Map of Thracian tribes to IV-Iiibc
The Thracians had cultural achievements, a new few areas were far from the surrounding civilizations. Whether they have their own imprint on the development of the further countries on the Balkan peninsula.
The Thracian tribes worshiped the following deities: Zalmoxik, Bendis, Heros, Bacchus, Darzalas, Borei, Sabazius, Jantruds, Rezos, Cybele. There are open sanctuaries on them. They honored as God and their most famous singer Orpheus.
The main Thracian towns were:
Abdera, Maricon, Apollonia, Kalatis, Deultum, Amphipolis, Halkidiki, Kzik, Messambria, Kipsella, Anhialo, Odessos, Dionysopolis, Ulpia Eskus, Appiaria, Melta, Storgozia, Evmolpia, Beroe, Byzantium, Serdika, Seuthopolis, Magnesia, Heracaea Sintica, Tomi, Olbia ( Described in the previous topic), Istros, Bergula, Castrum Egisus, Leminos.